A wayfinding typeface FS Millbank
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In an increasingly fast-paced world, How should typography
for wayfinding look?
?
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Function + Form

There’s an argument that personality has no place in typography for wayfinding. Yet research suggests that a lack of personality can disengage the reader and therefore compromise its function.

The development of FS Millbank has been driven primarily by functional concerns (especially those of fast-paced environments), but also purposefully imbued with a distinct personality.

The FS Millbank story
.
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Function

+

Legibility scenarios

FS Millbank has been designed to withstand problematic legibility scenarios such as distance, blur, glow and sharp-angle views. Particular attention has been given to commonly mis-read glyph combinations. Significantly, the typeface was opened up across the board, whilst maintaining overall line length.

V
Arrivals
Traps opened up to assist sharp-angle views
Serif to help distinguish mis-read glyphs
Accentuated tails for additional clarity
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Positive and Negative

Blur and glow marginally transform the weight of a typeface when reversed out of a dark colour.

To compensate for this and to maintain the integrity of the chosen weight, there are two versions to choose from; FS Millbank and FS Millbank Negative…

Standard font Negative font
+ -

FS Millbank

A range of eight weights for dark use against light backgrounds.

FS Millbank Negative

Marginally lighter to compensate for glow and blur against dark backgrounds.

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®

Form

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From the inside out

FS Millbank emerged from a core visual idea that would survive once all legibility and functional considerations were adhered to.

Subsequent nuances and details ensure that the typeface is as beautiful and distinct as it is functional.

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Weights

Standard
FS Millbank Light FS Millbank Light Italic FS Millbank Regular FS Millbank Italic FS Millbank Bold FS Millbank Bold Italic FS Millbank Heavy FS Millbank Heavy Italic
Negative
FS Millbank Light FS Millbank Light Italic FS Millbank Regular FS Millbank Italic FS Millbank Bold FS Millbank Bold Italic FS Millbank Heavy FS Millbank Heavy Italic
E
Would Inspector Italic Sands please report to
the operations room immediately.
Heavy Italic

Beyond wayfinding

Like many of its wayfinding counterparts, FS Millbank is not solely intended for wayfinding. Its unique character can be used wherever there is a requirement for clarity.

View Characters
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Mystification
is simple;
Bold
clarity is the
hardest thing
of all.
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FS Millbank Icons

172 icons have been designed to assist both wayfinding and user interface applications. They have been designed to complement the typeface itself and are a free addition when purchasing the FS Millbank family.

View icons
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Lecture theatre
Terrace
Exit
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FS Millbank Light

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Light Italic

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Regular

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Italic

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Bold

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Bold Italic

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Heavy

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Heavy Italic

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Negative Light

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Negative Light Italic

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Negative Regular

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Negative Italic

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Negative Bold

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Negative Bold Italic

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Negative Heavy

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

FS Millbank Negative Heavy Italic

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
0123456789

The FS Millbank Story

Designed by Stuart de Rozario over a sustained development period of twelve months, FS Millbank answers an important typographic question, ‘with the increasing pace of life, shorter attention spans and the huge practical and cultural impact of technology, how should typography for wayfinding look?’

The small clutch of tried and tested fonts in this discipline are serviceable, but their over-familiarity means that they no longer feel contemporary and relevant. Much of their personality has been lost through assimilation - they have become purely functional. And what’s more, the parameters of that function are changing fast.

There’s an argument that personality has no real place in typography for wayfinding and signage. However, research suggests that, although functionality is the key priority, a lack of character is likely to subliminally disengage the reader and functionally compromise the attention the information receives. And, is there truly such a thing as a font that is merely functional?

Of course, fonts designed for this purpose always have a much greater life outside the arena for which they were designed. Frutiger, still the most ubiquitous font in airport and transport signage was commissioned in 1968 for Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport. But, of course, it has enjoyed huge success outside its intended use because it is simply a perfectly designed humanist sans-serif with, arguably, a good deal more unique character than the perfectly functional Univers that it replaced.

So, Stuart’s ambition for FS Millbank, was to analyse the specific requirements of wayfinding for a contemporary world - with the pace and volume of traffic and the technological changes that have altered the way travellers now see and absorb information. The font’s unique character would be driven by its functional specifics, coupled with a distinct personality that would stem from Fontsmith’s philosophical outlook and their particular sensibilities.

Stuart looked at typical legibility issues and commonly mis-read glyph combinations by testing with things like blur and sharp angle views. This revealed key issues that then informed some of the key glyphs in the character set. He discovered that the sharp angles in characters like the cap ‘A, W and M’ bunched-up visually, compromising legibility at distances and in situations with restricted view. This led to a decision that significantly informed the look of the font. The new font had to be opened-up across the board, whilst keeping the overall line length the same, or shorter than its predecessors.

This and other key challenges risked driving the entire direction of the font towards the merely functional. In an effort to ensure he had the creative freedom to design a font that would also have relevance outside the context for which it was designed, Stuart turned for inspiration to the words of Matthew Carter and his creative philosophy and a working method when he had similar restrictions designing the Microsoft screen font Verdana. ‘Design from the inside out’ was the mantra that helped him keep the process on track. This meant working on the core visual idea and fundamental personality of the font first, so that it was robust enough to survive the rigours that functional expediency would exert on it. Using this mantra, Stuart concentrated on what were the ultimate important parameters before adding design nuances and detail to make something beautiful as well as functional.

The result is a font with its own, particular beauty. It flows exquisitely, is defiantly human and, as for personality, it’s brimming with it. But fundamentally, its real power lies in its utterly unbreakable legibility. Researched extensively, FS Millbank has been expertly crafted and developed for its pure clarity.

FS Millbank Icon

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